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Scapa Flow
Scapa Flow (Overview)
Scapa Flow is the UK best known scuba diving site. It is now a protected site, therefore stopping any more salvage work. On November 23rd 1918, the German High Seas Fleet under guard of the British Fleet entered Scapa Flow. In total 74 German ships, comprising of 11 battleships, 5 battle cruises and 8 light cruisers plus 50 destroyers / torpedo boats were to find the last resting place in Scapa Flow.

 

In the book, The Grand Scuttle, by Dan van der Vat, gives a detailed account of the torment and challenges Admiral Ludwig von Reuter faced. Effectively, he was always three or four days behind of any news, which meant he had to try to "speculate" of what will happen in London, Paris and Berlin. On the 21st June 1919, von Reuter issued the command for the rigged ships to be scuttled.


Even though, the British knew of his intention, they could not stop it. Possible, they didn't even want to. The scuttle ensured the British maintained the control of the high seas with their navy and didn't have to share the German fleet with the other victorious powers (France, Russia, Belgium) and they didn't need to upgrade their navy either - the German fleet was technically more  advanced. In addition, it is ironic, a lot of the salvaged steel from the German Fleet was used to build part of the British World War II fleet (the steel was considered of better quality). 

There are a number of fantastic dive books available, the two to recommend are:

Scapa Flow Dive Guide by Lawson Wood and Dive Scapa Flow by Rod Macdonald

Scapa Flow Dive Operators
SMS Brummer

Dive type: Wreck

Length: 140m

Depth:  24m - 36m

Visibility: 5m - 10m

Location:58°53.83N  3°9.12W

Difficulty: 4 Stars

Dive: 4 Stars

SMS Brummer

Dive Log

SMS Dresden II

Dive type: Wreck

Length: 156m

Depth:  16m - 38m

Visibility: 10m

Location: 58°52.98N; 03°8.37W

Difficulty: 4 Stars

Dive: 4 Stars

Dresden 2

Dive Log

SMS Kronprinz Wilhelm

Dive type: Wreck

Length: 175m

Depth:  12m - 38m

Visibility: 5m - 10m

Location: 58°53.65N 3°9.77W

Difficulty: 3 Stars

Dive: 4 Stars

SMS Kronprinz Wilhelm

Dive Log

SMS Cöln II

Dive type: Wreck

Length: 156m

Depth:  18m - 35m

Visibility: 5m - 10m

Location: 58°53.87N 3°8.45W

Difficulty: 3 Stars

Dive: 4 Stars

SMS Coeln II

Dive Log

F2 & YC21 (salvage barge)

Dive type: Wreck

Length: 79m

Depth:  8m - 16m

Visibility: 5m - 10m

Location: 58°50.4N 3°11.3W

Difficulty: 2 Stars

Dive: 3 Stars

F2 Torpedo Boat

Dive Log

SMS Markgraf

Dive type: Wreck

Length: 175m

Depth:  25m - 44m

Visibility: 5m - 10m

Location: 58°53.52N 3°9.92W

Difficulty: 5 Stars

Dive: 4 Stars

SMS Markgraf

Dive Log

SMS Derfflinger

Dive type: Debris Field

Length: 210m

Depth:  19m

Visibility: 5m - 10m

Location: Unknown

Difficulty:

Dive: 2 Stars

Derfflinger

Dive Log

SMS Karlsruhe II

Dive type: Wreck

Length: 153m

Depth:  14m - 27m

Visibility: 5m - 10m

Location:58°53.38N 3°11.3W

Difficulty: 3 Stars

Dive: 4 Stars

SMS Karlsruhe II

Dive Log

V83 Torpedo Boat

Dive type: Wreck

Length: 81m

Depth:  2m - 18m

Visibility: 5m - 10m

Location:58°51.34N, 3°11.7W

Difficulty: 1 Stars

Dive: 3 Stars

V83 Torpedo Boat

Dive Log

Scapa Flow

Posted on 4/22/2012 by SDA Editor

Scapa Flow is the final resting place of the Imperial German High Seas Fleet (Hochseeflotte der Deutschen kaiserlichen Marine). A divers paradise to explore these giant warships which represent the arms race between two nations at the beginning of the 20th century

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